Going Up Education

Exploratory Trails
L4 - U4

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Unit Overview:

Unit 4: “Exploratory Trails!” guides students through an exciting exploration of Earth’s diverse landscapes and natural phenomena. This unit covers the geography of our planet, the significance of water bodies, the impact of natural disasters, and the importance of environmental conservation. Through engaging lessons, interactive activities, and thought-provoking discussions, students will develop a comprehensive understanding of the Earth’s dynamic features and learn how to appreciate and protect our natural world.

Dynamic Earth: Continent, Ocean, Mountain, Valley, Plateau, Canyon, Island, Glacier

Water Wonders: River, Lake, Sea, Ocean, Waterfall, Glacier, Coral Reef, Marsh

Natural Disasters: Volcanic Eruption, Lava, Magma, Ash Cloud, Tectonic Plates, Earthquake, Aftershock, Seismology, Hurricane, Tornado, Drought, Blizzard, Flood, Tsunami, Evacuation, Emergency

The Life Cycle: Germination, Seedling, Photosynthesis, Decomposition, Chrysalis, Larva, Pupa, Metamorphosis

Rocks & Minerals: Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic, Crystals, Mineral, Fossil, Geode, Erosion

Weather & Climate: Meteorology, Barometer, Humidity, Temperature, Atmosphere, Precipitation, Evaporation, Condensation

The Environment: Ecosystem, Sustainability, Biodiversity, Habitat, Organism, Conservation, Pollution, Renewable

Lesson 1 – Dynamic Earth:

  • The ocean is vast and deep.
  • A valley lies between two mountains.
  • He journeyed past the glaciers, crossing islands and navigating through rivers.

Lesson 2 – Water Wonders:

  • The rivers flow into the seas.
  • Boats are docked in the harbor.
  • Birds called out from the treetops, their songs guiding her way.

Lesson 3 – Natural Disasters #1:

  • The mountain eroded away slowly.
  • The quake shook the ground violently.
  • Massive plumes of smoke and ash billowed into the sky.

Lesson 4 – Natural Disasters #2:

  • The tornado twisted through the town.
  • The flood submerged the low areas.
  • Fear and chaos spread throughout the town.

Lesson 6 – The Life Cycle:

  • In photosynthesis, plants convert sunlight into energy.
  • A caterpillar’s metamorphosis into a butterfly is fascinating.
  • They learned about the delicate balance of water and sunlight.

Lesson 7 – Rocks & Minerals:

  • Igneous rocks are formed from cooled lava.
  • The crystal glistened in the sun.
  • The cave was not only a treasure trove of crystals but also a geological wonder.

Lesson 8 – Weather & Climate:

  • Today is hotter than yesterday.
  • August is the hottest month.
  • The summers were indeed hotter than in previous decades.

Lesson 9 – The Environment:

  • We must conserve water and protect our forests.
  • Pollution harms the environment, but we can reduce it.
  • Their efforts were like rain after a long drought.

Lesson 1 – Dynamic Earth

Great job exploring the geographical features of our planet! In this lesson, you learned about continents, oceans, mountains, and valleys, as well as plateaus, canyons, islands, and glaciers. Remember to practice identifying these features on a world map. Your reading about the “Whispering Valley” helped you see how geographical features can create fascinating stories. Keep practicing open and closed syllables to improve your reading and pronunciation skills.

Vocabulary: Continent, Ocean, Mountain, Valley, Plateau, Canyon, Island, Glacier


Lesson 2 – Water Wonders

You did an amazing job learning about different bodies of water and aquatic features! We discussed rivers, lakes, seas, and oceans, as well as waterfalls, glaciers, coral reefs, and marshes. Your reading about “Mystery at Hidden Lake” showed how these features can create beautiful and mysterious places. Don’t forget to practice r-controlled syllables to enhance your reading fluency.

Vocabulary: River, Lake, Sea, Ocean, Waterfall, Glacier, Coral Reef, Marsh


Lesson 3 – Natural Disasters #1

You did a fantastic job understanding the concepts of earthquakes and volcanoes! You learned about volcanic eruptions, lava, magma, and ash clouds, as well as tectonic plates, earthquakes, aftershocks, and seismology. The story of “Eruption at Mt. Spectra” helped you see how important it is to be prepared for natural disasters. Keep practicing VCE syllable patterns to improve your writing skills.

Vocabulary: Volcanic Eruption, Lava, Magma, Ash Cloud, Tectonic Plates, Earthquake, Aftershock, Seismology


Lesson 4 – Natural Disasters #2

You did a great job learning about severe weather events! We discussed hurricanes, tornadoes, droughts, and blizzards, as well as floods, tsunamis, evacuations, and emergencies. The story “United by the Storm” showed how communities can come together during tough times. Keep practicing open and closed syllables to strengthen your reading skills.

Vocabulary: Hurricane, Tornado, Drought, Blizzard, Flood, Tsunami, Evacuation, Emergency


Lesson 5 – Review #1

Excellent work on reviewing all the vocabulary and phonics you’ve learned so far! You participated in interactive activities and quizzes that helped reinforce your knowledge. Keep practicing, and reflect on your learning to see how much you’ve improved.

Vocabulary: All vocabulary from Lessons 1-4


Lesson 6 – The Life Cycle

Great job exploring the life cycles of plants and butterflies! You learned about germination, seedlings, photosynthesis, and decomposition, as well as chrysalis, larva, pupa, and metamorphosis. The story “The Garden Transforms” showed the magic of nature and how everything is connected. Keep practicing open syllables to improve your pronunciation and understanding of scientific terms.

Vocabulary: Germination, Seedling, Photosynthesis, Decomposition, Chrysalis, Larva, Pupa, Metamorphosis


Lesson 7 – Rocks & Minerals

You did an amazing job learning about geology and mineralogy! We discussed igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks, as well as crystals, minerals, fossils, geodes, and erosion. The story “Crystals in the Cave” helped you understand the importance of preserving natural wonders. Keep practicing closed syllables to enhance your reading and writing skills.

Vocabulary: Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic, Crystals, Mineral, Fossil, Geode, Erosion


Lesson 8 – Weather & Climate

Fantastic job understanding weather and climate concepts! We talked about meteorology, barometers, humidity, and temperature, as well as atmosphere, precipitation, evaporation, and condensation. The project in “The Climate Challenge” showed how you can make a difference in your community. Keep practicing comparatives and superlatives to describe weather conditions accurately.

Vocabulary: Meteorology, Barometer, Humidity, Temperature, Atmosphere, Precipitation, Evaporation, Condensation


Lesson 9 – The Environment

Excellent work learning about ecology and conservation! We discussed ecosystems, sustainability, biodiversity, and habitats, as well as organisms, conservation, pollution, and renewable resources. The story “Green Park Warriors” showed how teamwork can help restore the environment. Keep practicing compound sentences to express complex ideas clearly.

Vocabulary: Ecosystem, Sustainability, Biodiversity, Habitat, Organism, Conservation, Pollution, Renewable


Lesson 10 – Review #2

Great job reviewing all the vocabulary and phonics you’ve learned in this unit! You participated in interactive games, quizzes, and writing tasks that helped consolidate your knowledge. Keep reflecting on your learning and think about how understanding Earth sciences helps you understand the world around you.

Vocabulary: All vocabulary from Lessons 1-9